A woman who is trying to get pregnant should monitor their first day of her periods and notice whether the first days tend to come the same number of days apart every month, which is considered regular. Periods may be irregular, meaning the cycle lengths vary from month to month. When a woman tracks this information on a calendar it becomes easier to predict when she might be ovulating or which is the time when her ovaries release an egg every month
Usually, women with regular cycles ovulate about two weeks before the arrival of their periods. It's harder to predict ovulation in women with irregular cycles, but it usually occurs 12 to 16 days before the start of her next period. They can Monitor through ovulation-prediction kits or track cervical mucus, which involves a woman regularly checking both the amount and appearance of mucus in her vagina. Just before ovulation when a woman is most fertile, the amount of mucus increases and it also becomes thinner, clearer and more slippery. When cervical mucus becomes more slippery, it can help sperm make its way to the egg.
The fertile window of a woman is from six days prior to ovulation and the day of it. These are the days each month when a woman is most fertile.
Some women use fertility tracking apps and websites to keep a tab of their fertile days. But they may not be accurate.
Too much heavy weight can reduce woman’s chances of conceiving but too thin can also make it harder. It is important for a woman to have a normal BMI which increases the chances of pregnancy. Having too much body fat produces excess estrogen, which can interfere with ovulation. Losing 5 to 10 percent of body weight before a woman starts trying to get pregnant could improve her fertility, according to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine.
A study done in 2017 found that couples in which both partners are obese may take from 55 to 59 percent longer to become pregnant, compared with couples who are not obese. Women who are too thin might not be getting regular periods or could stop ovulating.
Women who are attempting to conceive can start taking a prenatal vitamin even before becoming pregnant. This way a woman can find one that's more agreeable to her system and stay on it during pregnancy.
Folic Acids prevent serious birth defects that can happen before you know you're pregnant. It’s present in many B vitamin foods, including leafy greens, broccoli, fortified bread, citrus, and beans, but most women would need a pill to get enough. When planning a pregnancy, 400 micrograms of folic acid every day is required, the amount in most multivitamins.
Healthy foods can help prepare a woman's body for pregnancy by giving her adequate critical nutrients such as calcium, protein, and iron. This means eating a variety of fruits and vegetables, lean protein, whole grains, dairy and healthy sources of fat.
Physical Activity can help a woman's body prepare for pregnancy and labor. But getting too much exercise or doing frequent strenuous workouts could interfere with ovulation.
As women get older their fertility decreases because of age-related changes in the ovaries that cause a decline in the quantity and quality of her eggs. With increasing age, there's also an increased risk for some health problems, such as uterine fibroids, endometriosis and blockage of the fallopian tubes, which can contribute to a loss of fertility.
There's a gradual fertility decline in women beginning in their 30s, a sharper decline after age 37 and a steep decline after age 40.
Smoking and Drinking habits can lead to decreasing fertility in both men and women, nicotine and carbon monoxide in cigarettes, speed up the loss rate of a woman's eggs. It is also best to stay away from passive smoking. Marijuana and other recreational drug use should also be avoided while trying to conceive.
It's also safest for a woman to avoid alcohol when she is hoping to become pregnant. A woman should also stop consuming alcohol if she stops using birth control because she wants to get pregnant.
Women and men both should consider having an infertility evaluation if the woman is 35 or older and has not become pregnant after six months of regular intercourse without using birth control.
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