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Female Infertility- Potential Risk Factors that may lead to Infertility


Female infertility refers to not being able to get pregnant after at least one year of trying or having miscarriages. 


Potential Risk Factors for Female Infertility- 


  1. Irregular Periods-

 irregular periods can lead to infertility among women

                    An irregular cycle, including missing periods, can be the reason for infertility as it means that a woman is not ovulating regularly. Ovulation means the release of eggs from the ovaries. It occurs when the ovarian follicles rupture and release the secondary oocyte ovarian cells. The irregular ovulation could be due to many problems, including polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), obesity, being underweight, and thyroid issues.

    2. Age-

 ageing can lead to infertility

              It plays an important role in affecting infertility as the quality and the quantity of a woman's egg begin to decline with age. A woman is most fertile in her early 20s after which fertility starts declining, with this decline being accelerated after the age of 35. Eventually, the rate of follicle loss speeds up which results in low-quality eggs. 


     3. Smoking-

smoking leads to infertility in women

         Smokers are 60% more likely to be infertile as compared to non-smokers. Due to the nicotine and other harmful chemicals present in cigarettes, it reduces the body’s capability to create estrogen which is a hormone that regulates folliculogenesis and ovulation. It also damages the cervix and fallopian tubes, which in turn increases the chances of not being able to conceive and having miscarriages. 


     4. Bodyweight and Eating disorders

eating too much can lead too infertility

        A healthy body is key to fertility. A woman could be infertile due to being overweight or underweight as too much body fat produces estrogen and too little body fat causes the insufficient production of estrogen which disrupts the menstrual cycle and the chances to conceive. Proper nutrition and a healthy diet is very important at an early stage as it leads to fertility in a later stage of life. 


    5.  Sexually transmitted diseases-

std leads to infertility among women

          Chlamydia can damage the fallopian tubes in a woman and cause inflammation in a man’s scrotum and some sexually transmitted diseases also lead to infertility. 

To improve fertility, one should eat healthily and a well-balanced diet, avoid smoking or excessive consumption of alcohol, exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight. 


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