Azoospermia is a medical condition of a man whose semen contains no sperm. It is analogous with infertility, but few forms are amenable to medical treatment. It may affect 1% of the male population and can be seen in up to 20% of male infertility situations. Due to medical advancements, now depending on the type of azoospermia,it can be surgically treatable with a return of ejaculated sperm or through sperm retrieval and assisted reproduction to achieve successful pregnancy.
Symptoms of Azoospermia-
Couples who are trying to conceive and face infertility which means even after having unprotected intercourse for 1 year the female partner fails to get pregnant. Infertility is the first sign that something may be wrong with either of the partners. There are few symptoms that may lead to azoospermia-
Type and Causes of Azoospermia-
1.Pre-testicular Azoospermia- It is non-obstructive in nature and is caused due to the poor production of sex harmones. The follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels are low that commensurate with inadequate stimulation of the testes to produce sperm.
This type of azoospermia is caused due to-
2. Testicular Azoospermia- This type of azoospermia is non-obstructive in nature and is caused when the testes are abnormal, atrophic, or absent, and the sperm production is also severely disturbed. This condition can be seen in 49–93% of men with azoospermia. The testicular failure includes absence of failure production as well as low production and maturation arrest during the process of spermatogenesis.
The Testicular Azoospermia may be caused due to-
3.Post-Testicular Azoospermia- This condition occurs in about 40% of men with azoospermia This is obstructive in nature and is caused by problems with ejaculation due to an obstruction of some sort in the reproductive tract.
The Post-Testicular Azoospermia may be caused due to-
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