Laparoscopy or laparoscopic surgical procedure is a minimally invasive procedure done either to diagnose an underlying pathology or to remove a pathological or diseased body part or organ under complete general anesthesia. It detects any endometriosis, fibromas, cysts or any tumor. It is a really minute operation done to diagnose or treat a disease.
Laparoscopy uses an instrument called a laparoscope to look at the affected organs. A laparoscope includes a long, thin tube with a high-intensity light and a high-resolution camera at the front. The instrument is inserted through an incision in the abdominal wall. As it moves along, the camera sends images to a video monitor that gives enough room to see what they were doing and where they have to reach to work through.
Laparoscopy allows your doctor to examine inside your body in real-time, without open surgery. Your doctor can also acquire biopsy samples during this course of action.
A laparoscopy can take place for many reasons, health conditions, and diagnoses, including tubal sterilization, diagnostic tests, and the treatment of precise conditions.
Reasons for undergoing laparoscopy covers :
• The diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis, chronic pelvic pain, pelvic inflammatory disease, and causes of infertility
• The removal of fibroids, uterus, ovarian cysts, lymph nodes, or an ectopic pregnancy
• The treatment of a range of disorders, including urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, and certain forms of cancer
• Evaluating certain cancers, including those of the ovary, uterus, and cervix.
The usual risks associated with laparoscopy are bleeding, infections, and injury to organs in your abdomen. Though these are rare events.
After the operation, it is important to observe for signs of infection. You must contact your doctor if you encounter the following:
• Fever or cold
• Abdominal pain that becomes more intense over time.
• Redness, swelling, bleeding or drainage at the wound.
• Continuous nausea or vomiting.
Less usual risks involve:
• Complication from anaesthesia
• Inflammation of the abdominal wall
• A blood clot.
As with any surgery, laparoscopy has benefits and risks. The benefits of the procedure are most evident when comparing a laparoscopy to open surgery.
The benefits of laparoscopy include:
• less pain than an open procedure
• faster recovery
• smaller incisions
• less risk of infection
If a biopsy was taken, a pathologist will examine it. A pathologist may be a doctor who focuses on tissue analysis. A report detailing the results will be sent to your doctor.
Normal results from laparoscopy show the absence of abdominal bleeding, hernias, and intestinal blockages. They also mean that every organ of your body is healthy.
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