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What is Reproductive Surgery?

With the increase in the awareness of Assisted Reproductive Treatment or ART, the need for reproductive surgery to combat infertility issues has relatively decreased. Before we venture further into the details of reproductive surgery, let us first understand the term.

Reproductive surgery is the term for surgeries involving the restoration of normal reproductive functions in both men and women. The specific reproductive surgery would depend on the exact nature of the gynecological problem. The reasons for undergoing reproductive surgery can vary from individual to individual.


Reproductive surgery can either be done through keyhole surgery or the conventional surgery. The method chosen in every case depends on the condition of the patient as well as the doctor’s opinion. The doctor will evaluate based on numerous parameters and then come to a final decision about the type of reproductive surgery the patient has to undergo.

Causes of Infertility

The causes of infertility are numerous and vary from person to person. Hence, the reason for women undergoing reproductive surgery will depend on the medical condition that brought about infertility. Some of the common reasons why women undergo reproductive surgeries include medical conditions such as endometriosis, fibroids in the uterus, hormonal imbalance or improper hormonal changes, and so on. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is another much discussed and quite a common cause of infertility in women these days.


Endometriosis is a medical condition where the endometrial lining grows outside the uterus instead of the inside as expected. When the endometrial lining grows outside the uterus, it starts affecting the normal functioning of other female reproductive organs and reproductive parts such as the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, and the uterus.


Fibroids (Uterine fibroids)

Women with uterine fibroids often find it difficult to conceive or even suffer from fertility issues. Uterine fibroids are lumps that are non-cancerous in nature. These grow outside the uterus or even inside the uterus. These fibroids lead to conditions such as female infertility, cases of heavy bleeding during pregnancy, and often also increases the urge to urinate.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or PCOS is a common medical condition in women. This is caused due to the fluctuations in hormone levels in a woman. This leads to issues with your menstrual cycle and therefore affects your fertility levels. In Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, the cysts grow on the ovaries. If PCOS is not treated in time, it can lead to other bigger health complications such as diabetes and heart related problems. These cysts then lead to hormonal imbalances in women which results in possible infertility.

While the above mentioned are a few of the causes of female infertility, there are a whole lot more causes. The cause varies from person to person. The presence of female infertility can be diagnosed through various tests and procedures. Your gynecologist will be the best person to determine the procedure best suited for you. A blood test is routinely performed to determine the causes of infertility.

If you have been trying to conceive and not been successful yet, it is time to visit a gynecologist. Book an appointment with our team of gynecologists. We will determine the cause of your fertility issues, chalk out an appropriate treatment plan. This treatment plan will help address female infertility through reproductive surgery, if needed or also look at other treatment options.

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